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Introduction to Spanish verbs

Free Spanish Video Lesson

Understanding **THE ROOT** of Spanish Verbs

Before you start learning and practicing Spanish verb conjugation, make sure you know these 2 basic concepts: there are 3 groups of verbs (AR-ER-IR), and there are "Regular" and "Irregular" verbs

Spanish verb conjugation - Basic Concepts

1. AR-ER-IR Verbs

All Spanish verbs end in "ar", "er" or "ir" in their infinitive form. Here you are some examples:

  • "AR" VERBS: hablar (to speak), mirar (to look), cantar (to sing)
  • "ER" VERBS: comer (to eat), beber (to drink), vender (to sell)
  • "IR" VERBS: vivir (to live), escribir (to write), subir (to go up, to rise, to move up)


All Spanish verbs are either "regular" or "irregular".

"Regular" means that the initial part of the verb (the root = "la raíz") DOESN'T CHANGE when you conjugate it.
Look at the verb hablar in present tense.

Notice how the initial part "habl" (la raíz) NEVER CHANGES!

  • hablo
  • hablas
  • habla
  • hablamos
  • habláis
  • hablan

Now let's conjugate the "irregular" verb "ser" (to be):

Look how the root (la raíz) CHANGES!

  • soy
  • eres
  • es
  • somos
  • sois
  • son